Meet Mr. MRSA

I thought I would introduce you to an infectious organism every week!  Today, the lucky "bug" as they are referred to in the medical community is methicillin resistant staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). If I was a common layperson in the field of medicine, I would view this microorganism as a very nasty flesh eating entity.  I thought I would shed some light about MRSA.  Whether you are dealing with a soft tissue infection, pneumonia, central nervous system infection, endocarditis (heart), or bone and joint, the treatment differs.

Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is a bacterium that causes infections in different parts of the body. It's tougher to treat than most strains of staphylococcus aureus -- or staph -- because it's resistant to some commonly used antibiotics.

The symptoms of MRSA depend on where you're infected. Most often, it causes mild infections on the skin, causing sores or boils. But it can also cause more serious skin infections or infect surgical wounds, the bloodstream, the lungs, or the urinary tract.

Though most MRSA infections aren't serious, some can be life-threatening. Many public health experts are alarmed by the spread of tough strains of MRSA. Because it's hard to treat, MRSA is sometimes called a "super bug."  Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is a bacterium that causes infections in different parts of the body. It's tougher to treat than most strains of staphylococcus aureus -- or staph -- because it's resistant to some commonly used antibiotics.

The symptoms of MRSA depend on where you're infected. Most often, it causes mild infections on the skin, causing sores or boils. But it can also cause more serious skin infections or infect surgical wounds, the bloodstream, the lungs, or the urinary tract.

Though most MRSA infections aren't serious, some can be life-threatening.  Many public health experts are alarmed by the spread of tough strains of MRSA.  Because it's hard to treat, MRSA is sometimes called a "super bug." 

Also just news today... an almost instant test in detecting MRSA.

Skin and soft-tissue infections

  1.  Abscess  - incision and drainage
  2. Purulent cellulitis
    • Clindamycin 300-450 mg PO TID (C diff)
    • Bactrim 1-2 DS tablets BID (pregnancy category C/D)
    • Doxycycline 100 mg BID (pg category D and not recommend for children under 8)
    • Minocycline 200 mg x 1, then 100 mg PO BID
    • Linezolid 600 mg BID (expensive)
  3.  Nonpurulent cellultis
    • Beta lactam (cephalexin and dicloxacillin) 500 mg QID
    • Clindamycin 300-450 mg TID
    • Beta lactam and/or Bactrim or a tetracycline – amoxicillin 500 mg TID
    • Linezolid 600 mg BID
  4. Complicated SSTI
    • Vancomycin 15-20 mg/kg/dose IV every 8-12 hours
    • Linezolid 600 mg PO/IV BID
    • Daptomycin (cubicin) 4 mg/kg/dse IV QD
    • Telavancin 10 mg/kg/dose IV QD
    • Clindamycin 600 mg PO/IV TID
  5. Bacteremia
    • Vancomycin 15-20 mg/kg/dose IV every 8-12 hours
    • Daptomycin 6 mg/kg/dose IV QD
  6. Infective endocarditis, native valve – same as bacteremia
  7. Infective endocarditis prosthetic valve
    • Vancomycin and gentamicin and rifampin – 15-20 mg/kg/dose IV every 8-12 hrs,                                          i.      1 mg/kg/dose IV every 8 h,  300 mg PO/IV every 8 h
  8.  Persistant bacteremia
  9. Pneumonia
    • Vancomycin 15-20 mg/kg/dose IV every 8-12 hours        
    • Linezolid 600 mg PO/IV BID
    • Clindamycin 600 mg PO/IV TID
  10. Osteomyelitis (Bone and Joint Infections)
    • Vancomycin 15-20 mg/kig/dose IV every 8-12 hours
    • Daptomycin 6 mg/kg/day IV QD
    • Linezolid 600 mg PO/IV BID
    • Clindamycin 600 mg PO/IV TID
    • TMP-SMX and rifampin – 3.5-4.0 mg/kg/dose PO/IV every 8-12 h
  11. Septic arthritis
    • Vancomycin 15-20 mg/kg every 8-12 hours
    • Daptomycin 6 mg/kg/day IV QD
    • Linezolid 600 mg PO/IV BID
    • Clindamycin 600 mg PO/IV TID
    • Bactrim 3.5-4.0 mg/kg/dose PO/IV every 8-12 hours
  12. Meningitis
    • Vancomycin 15-20 mg/kg/dose IV every 8-12 hours
    • Linezolid 600 mg PO/IV BID
    • Bactrim 5 mg/kg/dose PO/IV every 8-12 hours
  13. Brain abscess, subdural empyema, spinal epidural abcess
    • Vancomycin 15-20 mg/kg/dose every 8-12 hours
    • Linezolid 600 mg po/iv BID
    • Bactrim 5 mg/kg/dose PO/IV every 8-12 hours
  14. Septic thrombosis of cavernous or dural venous sinus
    • Vanc same
    • Zyvox
    • Bactrim same

 

 

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Pharmacy Perfection